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Glossary

Talking about feminine hygiene and vaginal health can be too scientific sometimes. Find out the meanings of difficult words used in this site by browsing through the Glossary.
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A
AIDS - Acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; a disease of the immune system caused by infection by the retrovirus HIV, which destroys some types of white blood cells and is transmitted through blood or bodily secretions, such as semen. Patients lose the ability to fight infections.
E
Estrogen - General term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics.
G
Glycogen- A class of carbohydrate, such as starch, found in the liver and muscles and easily converted to glucose for energy.

Gonorrhea - Genital disease: a sexually transmitted bacterial disease that causes inflammation of the genital mucous membrane, burning and pain while urinating and a vaginal discharge.
L
Lactic Acid - Also called "milk" acid. This water soluble liquid is also present in the vulva skin and inside the vagina and keeps its natural environment at its perfect balance. Through this, the good and bad bacteria present in the vagina are each kept at their right levels of production, protecting the intimate area from all kinds of infection. Lactic acid is produced by the good bacteria lactobacilli, whose growth is in turn also facilitated by lactic acid.

Lactobacilli - Any of the various rod-shaped, non-motile aerobic bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus that ferment lactic acid from sugars and are the causative agents in the souring of milk.

Lactoserum - Also called Whey or milk plasma, which is the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained.
P
pH (potential Hydrogen) - Measure of acidity or alkalinity. pH of water is 7, lower then 7 indicate acidity and higher number indicate alkalinity

Progesterone - A steroid hormone that prepares the uterus for pregnancy, maintains pregnancy, and promotes development of the mammary glands. The main sources of progesterone are the ovary and the placenta.

Puberty - Stage of physiological maturity: the stage in human physiological development when somebody becomes capable of sexual reproduction. It is marked by genital maturation, development of secondary sex characteristics, and in girls, the first occurrence of menstruation.
S
Staphylococcus aureus - Staphylococcus is a genus of round, parasitic bacteria, commonly found in air and water and on the skin and upper part of the human pharynx. These bacteria are known to cause pneumonia and septicaemia, as well as boils and kidney and wound infections. Two common species of Staphylococcus include Staphylococcus aureus, which is commonly responsible for skin infections, and Staphylococcus epidermis, which does not normally cause infection. Staphylococcus aureus is found on the skin and in the nostrils of many healthy individuals. These bacteria often give rise to minor superficial diseases, including the formation of pustules or boils in hair follicles. Staphylococcus aureus infections are characterized by the presence of pus and formation of abscesses (a localized collection of pus surrounded by infected tissue). Other major diseases caused by these bacteria also include, wound and burn infections, breast abscesses, bronchopneumonia, food poisoning, and the life-threatening "flesh-eating bacteria".
V
Vaginitis - An inflammation of the vagina characterized by swelling, redness, heat, pain, and an abnormal vaginal discharge.

Vulva - The external female genitals (area around vagina). These include the clitoris and the two pairs of fleshy folds, the labia majora and labia minora, which surround the opening of the vagina.

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